In the lifetime of the Institute there have been formed six scientific schools.
The School of High-Pressure Physics and Solid-State Spectroscopy.
The founder – academician of the NAS of Ukraine Alexandr A.Galkin. The basic results recognized in the world:
Discovery of the intermediate state in antiferromagnetics; Discovery of the doplerone-phonon and diamagnetic resonances in metals; Development and study of superconductors with high critical parameters; The tunnel and EPX-ray spectroscopy at high pressures and low temperatures; Development of activities in the field of hydro-extrusion, particularly, development of manufacturing methods of a superconducting multicore (dozens millions of cores) cable; Discovery of coal properties to form metastable monophase states together with gases like solid solutions.
The School of the Theory of Magnetism.
The founder of the School – academician of the NAS of Ukraine Victor G.Bar’yakhtar. The basic results recognized in the world:
Development of the theory of the intermediate state in antiferromagnets; theory of dynamic magnetoacoustic interactions in magnetics; development of the microscopic and phenomenological theory of relaxation in magnetics; development of the theory of the magnetic domain structure at the first order phase transitions; development of the theory of static and dynamic properties of the magnetic bubble domains lattices; development of the theory of spin waves; investigation of the magnetic properties of high-temperature superconductors.
The School of Mesoscopic Phenomena in Solid States.
The founder of the School – academician of the NAS of Ukraine Vladimir I.Arkharov. The basic results recognized in the world:
Introduction and development of the ideas about collective elementary acts and a relay-race activation transfer in the process of diffusion and recrystallization in a solid; Discovery of the phenomenon of an intercrystallite internal adsorption of the dissolved components and impurities, and establishment of this phenomenon role in forming mechanical and physical properties of materials; Creation and development of the concept of a mesoscopic consideration of the phenomena in a solid with introduction of the specific structural scales which change the elementary acts of the phenomena under consideration into the collective ones.
The School of the Theory of the Dynamics of Lattice Defects, and Biophysics
The founder of the School – Associate Member of the NAS of Ukraine Kirill B.Tolpygo. The basic results recognized in the world:
Development of the theory of the phonon spectra of crystals; Investigation of the System of the Magnetic Field and Lattice Connected Oscillations. Introduction of the Notion of Lightexciton (in the up-to-date terminology – polariton). Development of the Theory of Excitons and the Theory of Superconductor Kinetic Properties; the Theory of Defects in Crystals; Theoretical Investigations of the Role of Hydrogen Bonds in Functioning of Biopolymers.
The School of Physics of Phase Transitions under Extreme Conditions.
The founder of the School – Associate Member of the NAS of Ukraine Edwald A.Zavadsky. The basic results recognized in the world:
Investigation of the Influences of High Pressures, Strong Magnetic and Electric Fields, Low Temperatures on Phase States in Different Materials. Discovery of the Phenomenon of Magnetic Field Inducing of Phases Concealed in the Field of Negative Pressures. Discovery of Meta-stable Hetero-phase States in Magneto-electrics. Investigation of the Peculiarities of the Magnetic Ordering and Phase Transitions in Magnetics with Some Order Parameters. Investigation of Phase Transitions in the Crystals with a Position Disorder.
The School of nanophysics and nanotechnology.
The founder of the school is Viktor N.Varyukhin, corresponding member of NAS of Ukraine. The basic results recognized in the world:
A method for production of bulk nanocrystal materials has been developed, namely, twist extrusion. The methods for obtaining nanocolumnar and nanoglobular carbon-based films characterized by unique optical properties have been realized. Nanoscale phase separation of co-existing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic areas has been found in manganites of rare-earth metals characterized by giant magnetoresistance. The existence of superconducring areas (drops) of condensate of Cooper pairs has been found in high-temperature superconductors at the temperatures above the temperature of the superconducting transition. Physical basis for formation of hybrid and composite nanomaterials and their properties by application of high pressure and severe plastic deformation has been developed. Invar effect, that is a hundred times lower coefficient of thermal expansion, has been achieved in the samples of semicrystalline polymers due to formation of a specific nanostructure by the applied severe plastic deformation with shear.